The transition between Romanticism and Impressionism was provided by a small group of artists who lived and worked at the village of Barbizon. Their naturalistic style was based entirely on their observation and painting of nature in the open air. In their natural landscape subjects, they paid careful attention to the colourful expression of light and atmosphere.
Never mind, they told each other. At the Salon, paintings were stacked three or four high, and crowded too closely together on the walls. An outraged critic, Louis Leroy, coined the label "Impressionist. If the name was accepted, the art itself was not. Although some people appreciated the new paintings, many did not.
Their compositions were strange. Their short, slapdash brushstrokes made their paintings practically illegible. Indeed, Impressionism broke every rule of the French Academy of Fine Arts, the conservative school that had dominated art training and taste since Impressionist scenes of modern urban and country life were a far cry from the Academic efforts to teach moral lessons through historic, mythological, and Biblical themes.
This tradition, drawn from ancient Greek and Roman art, featured idealized images. Symmetrical compositions, hard outlines, and meticulously smooth paint surfaces characterized academic paintings. The early- and midth century was a time of political instability in France.
Between andthe population of Paris doubled. During the Revolution ofParisian workers with socialist goals overthrew the monarchy, only to see conservatives seize the reins of government later that year.
Fear of further uprisings created widespread distrust among the aristocracy, the poor, and the newly prosperous bourgeoisie or middle class. At the same time, the far-reaching Industrial Revolution fostered a new faith in the individual and his unlimited potential.
Later in the 19th century, Barbizon School painters Corot, Millet, and Rousseau abandoned classical studio themes to go outside and paint the landscape around them. Realist Gustave Courbet, a mentor to several Impressionists, painted the rural poor just as he saw them.
His rough-textured technique displeased the Academy. For subject matter, they looked to contemporary people at work and play. Inventions such as the steam engine, power loom, streetlights, camera, ready-made fashions, cast iron, and steel had changed the lives of ordinary people. Underlying the Industrial Revolution was a belief that technological progress was key to all human progress.
In this climate of discovery, people felt they could do anything. He hired civic planner Baron Hausmann, Prefect of the Seine, to replace the dirty, old medieval city with wide boulevards, parks, and monuments.Edmond Duranty, for example, in his essay La Nouvelle Peinture (The New Painting), wrote of their depiction of contemporary subject matter in a suitably innovative style as a revolution in painting.
The exhibiting collective avoided choosing a title that would imply a unified movement or school, although some of them subsequently . The essay "Industrial Revolution and the Artists of Impressionism" examines effects of the industrial revolution on the artists of impressionism.
Consequently, the new art of impressionism emerged and influenced many artists of that period. Essay about Impressionism and Post-Impressionism During the late ’s and early ’s a revolution in art began in France.
Impressionism was a drastic change from the artwork from the Renaissance and the period of Romanticism in art. It was also the beginning of modern art. Famous Impressionistic artists include – a man dubbed the.
This motto, though adopted in the late 19th century, was coined during the French revolution, which by Degas’ time, had had almost years to seep into the collective French conscience. Realism & Impressionism Raven Cox Western Governors University Realism came about in France in the 19th century after the French Revolution.
The realists wanted to move away from subjects of the past and formal artistic styles. During the late ’s and early ’s a revolution in art began in France. Impressionism was a drastic change from the artwork from the Renaissance and the period of Romanticism in art.
It was also the beginning of modern art. - A Comparison of Impressionism and Post-Impressionism In this essay, I will contrast and compare the two art.